About Me

My photo
Parit Buntar, Perak, Singapore

Saturday, September 4, 2010

This Is The Real Truth : எந்தமிழ் எல்லார்க்கும் வேந்து





Devaneya Pavanar

எந்தமிழர் எல்லார்க்கும் வேந்து


The information that given here are did not have any purpose to blame other friends (language).
BUT THE PURPOSE IS TO PUBLISH THE TRUTH OF WORLD FIRST DIVINE LANGUAGE ESPECIALLY TO THE FORGOTTEN TAMILAN . If the tamilans know about the true history of tamil language, culture and tamilan's life style all the social problems can be solved. BECAUSE NOWADAYS MOST OF TAMILANS DID NOT KNOW ABOUT THE REAL ROOT. THEY JUST HANGING IN OTHER'S INPROPER BRANCH.



Devaneya Pavanar (ஞா. தேவநேயப் பாவாணர்; Ñānamuttaṉ Tēvanēya Pāvāṇar; also known as G. Devaneyan, Ñanamuttan Tevaneyan; lived 1902–1981), was a prominent Indian Tamil author who wrote over 35 books.

In his 1966 Primary Classical language of the World he makes some extraordinary claims - for example he argued that the Tamil language is the "most natural" (iyal-moḻi) and also a proto-world language, being the oldest (tol-moḻi) language of the world, from which all other major languages of the world are derived. He believed that its literature, later called Sangam literature and usually considered to have been written from 200 BCE and 300 CE, spanned a huge period from 10,000 to 5,500 BCE.[1] He was also a staunch proponent of the "Pure Tamil movement" and initiated the Etymological Dictionary Project primarily to bring out the roots of Tamil words and their connections and ramifications.

Views on TAMIL versus Sanskrit


Pavanar's Vadamoli Varalaru argues that hundreds of Sanskrit words can be traced to a Tamil origin, and at the same time he insisted that pure Tamil equivalents existed for Sanskrit loan words. He claimed that Tamil is a "superior and more divine" language than Sanskrit. In his view the Tamil language originated in "Lemuria" (இலெமூரியா Ilemūriyā), the cradle of civilization and place of origin of language. He believed that evidence of Tamil's antiquity was being suppressed by Sanskritists.

Pavanar's timeline for the evolution of mankind and Tamil is as follows:

  • ca. 500,000 BC: origin of the human race,
  • ca. 200,000 to 50,000 BC: evolution of "the Tamilian or Homo Dravida[3]",
  • ca. 200,000 to 100,000 BC, beginnings of Tamil
  • ca. 100,000 to 50,000 BC, growth and development of Tamil,
  • 50,000 BC: Kumari Kandam civilisation
  • 20,000 BC: A lost Tamil culture on Easter Island which had an advanced civilisation
  • 16,000 BC: Lemuria submerged
  • 6087 BC: Second Tamil Sangam established by a Pandya king
  • 3031 BC: A Chera prince wandering in the Solomon Islands saw wild sugarcane and started cultivation in Tamil Nadu.
  • 1780 BC: The Third Tamil Sangam established by a Pandya king
  • 7th century BC: Tolkappiyam, the earliest extant Tamil grammar

In the preface to his 1966 book The Primary Classical Language of the World he wrote:

There is no other language in the whole world as Tamil, that has suffered so much damage by natural and human agencies, and has been done so much injustice by malignant foreigners and native dupes. The general belief that all arts and sciences are progressively advancing with the passage of time, is falsified in the case of philology, owing to the fundamental blunder of locating the original home of the Tamilians in the Mediterranean region, and taking Sanskrit, a post-Vedic semi-artificial composite literary dialect, the Indian Esperanto, so to speak, for the prototype of the Indo-European Form of Speech. Westerners do not know as yet, that Tamil is a highly developed classical language of Lemurian origin, and has been, and is being still, suppressed by a systematic and co-ordinated effort by the Sanskritists both in the public and private sectors, ever since the Vedic mendicants migrated to the South, and taking utmost advantage of their superior complexion and the primitive credulity of the ancient Tamil kings, posed themselves as earthly gods (Bhu-suras) and deluded the Tamilians into the belief, that their ancestral language or literary dialect was divine or celestial in origin.


In a chapter entitled Tamil more divine than Sanskrit, Pavanar gives the reasons why he judges Tamil to be "more divine" than Sanskrit, arguing for "Primary Classicality of Tamil", he enumerates:

TAMIL Language Sanskrit Language
Primitive and original. Derivative.
Spoken and living language. Semi-artificial literary dialect.
Of Lemurian Origin. Of Indian Origin.
Scriptural studies exoteric. Scriptural studies esoteric.
Inculcation of cosmopolitanism. Division of society into numerous castes on the basis of birth and parentage.
Admission of all to asceticism. Restriction of asceticism to Brahmins.
Holding higher education common to all. Restriction of higher education to Sanskritists
Encouragement of gifts to all the poor and needy. Enjoinment on the donorsto give only to the Sans-kritists.
Love of truth. Love of imposture and plagiarism.
Laying of emphasis on love, as means of attaining eternal bliss. Laying of emphasis on knowledge, as means of attaining union with the universal soul
Having monotheistic Sai-vism and Vaisnavism as religions. Having a system of sacrificesto minor deities as religion.
Literary description natural. Literary description imaginary.

His claims regarding the "Primary Classicality of Tamil":

    • Lemurian origin of Tamil.
    • Phonological simplicity of Tamil.
    • Catholicity of Tamil.
    • Tamulic substratum of the Aryan family of languages.
    • Morphological purity and primitiveness of Tamil.
    • The presence of the words ‘amma’ and ‘appa’Mama and papa in almost all great languages in some form or other.
    • Absence of Nominative case-termination in Tamil.
    • Separability and significance of all affixes in Tamil.
    • Absence of morphological gender in Tamil
    • Absence of arbitrary words in Tamil.
    • Traceability of Tamil to its very origin.
    • Logical and natural order of words in Tamil.
    • Absence of dual number in Tamil.
    • Originality and natural development of Tamil.
    • Highest order of the classicality of Tamil.



(This page is taken from wikipedia and other sources. wherever the truth are we can take it. thanks for wikipedia)


Thursday, August 19, 2010

அசின் - வந்தாரை வாழ வைக்கும் தமிழினம்


தமிழ் மக்களுக்கு இதுவும் வேண்டும் இன்னுமும் வேண்டும்.அந்த காலம் தொடங்கி இந்த காலம் வரை தமிழர்கள் செய்து கொண்டிருக்கும் தவறு ஒன்று உள்ளது. அது என்னவென்றாள்,வந்தாரை வாழ வைக்கும் தமிழினம் என்பதே.

தமிழ் மக்கள் தங்களை நாடி வந்த மற்ற சகோதரர்களை வாழவைத்து, அரவனைத்து,உதவி புரிந்து, நம்பிக்கையுடன் பழகினாலும் பல சகோதரர்கள் நன்றி மறந்து, உதவிகளை மறந்து மிருகங்களை விட மிக கேவளமாக நடந்து கொள்கிறார்கள்.இவர்கள் நமது திருவள்ளுவரின் செய்ந்நன்றி அறிதல் எனும் அதிகாரத்தை சற்றும் சுவசித்ததே இல்லை போல.ஆமாம் ஆமாம் இவர்களுக்கு என்ன நமது திருக்குறள் இருந்தால் என்ன தொலைந்தால் என்ன.

சரி இப்பொழுது அசின் கதைக்கு வருவொம். சமீபத்தில் நடிகை அசின் இலங்கைக்குச் சென்றார். ஒப்பந்தப்படி, அவர் நடிக்கும் இந்தி படத்திற்காக அங்கு அவர் சென்றதை வன்மையாக பலர் கண்டித்து வருகிறார்கள்.முதலில் இவளை தமிழ் திரைப்பட உலகுக்கு அறிமுகம் செய்தவர்களையும் இவளின் புகழை உட்சிக்குக் கொண்டு சென்ற அன்பு தமிழர்களை நிருத்தி அறைய வேண்டும். நான் இங்கு மற்ற சகோதரர்களைத் தமிழ் மக்கள் ஆதரிக்கக் கூடாது என்று கூற வரவில்லை. அப்படி சொல்லவும் மாட்டேன் சொல்லவும் கூடாது காரணம் எங்கள் தமிழ் பாலில் வளர்ந்த பல பெரியவர்கள் கூறியதை நாங்கள் மறப்பதில்லை.

தமிழ் நாட்டின் திரைப்பட நடிகை என்ற பட்டம் வேண்டும், தமிழ் மக்களின் பணம் வேண்டும்,தன் திரைப்பட தகுதியை உயர்த்த தமிழ் மக்கள் வேண்டும்,ஆனால் தமிழ் மக்களின் துன்பத்தில் பங்கு கொள்ளாமல் இருத்தல் வேண்டும் அசினுக்கு.

என்ன ஒரு நன்றி உணர்வு, என்ன ஒரு புரிந்துணர்வு, என்ன ஒரு தைரியம். என்னாதான் மற்ற இன பெண்ணாக இருந்தாலும் தன்னை வாழவைத்த, அன்னம் இட்ட மக்களின் மெழுகு துன்பத்தில் குளிர் காய்வதா?

பால்லாயிரம் மயில் தூரத்தில் இருந்து பண்டைய தமிழ் மக்களுக்குக் குரல் கொடுக்கும் அர்சண்டினா போன்ற நன்றியுள்ள நாட்டு மக்களுக்குத்தான் நாம் பல ஆயிரம் ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன் நம் பண்பாடு, மொழி, ஆன்மீகம், நாகரீகம் போன்றவற்றைக் கற்பித்திருக்க வேண்டும். ஆயொ! ஆயொ! எமது முதாதையர்களெ தாங்கள் தவறு செய்து விட்டீர்கள்.

அசினுக்கு மனிதவுணர்வு இருந்திருந்தால் இப்படி செய்திருக்க மாட்டாள். நாம் சாப்பிடுவதற்கு உதவும் கைகளில் உள்ள விரல்கள் ஒரு நாள் காயம் பட்டு விடுகிறது என்றால், நம் நினைவுகள் என்ன செய்யும்? ஆம். நம்மால் மன நிம்மதியுடன் உண்ண இயலாது. நமக்கு ஒவ்வொரு நோடியும் உண்ணும் போது அந்த காயத்தின் நினைவும் மனவருத்தமும் இருக்கும் அல்லவா? காரணம் அந்த விரல் நமக்கு மிக முக்கியமான உருபு. அந்த விரல் நமக்கு உண்ண உதவும் ஓர் உயிர்.அது போலதான் அசினின் வாழ்வுக்கு கை கொடுத்தவர்கள் தமிழர்கள். அவர்கள் காயம் அடைந்திருப்பது அவளுடைய கையில் உள்ள விரல் தானே? ஆனால் அந்த விரலை பற்றி கவலை படாமல் இருப்பது ஒரு மனித உடம்பா? மிருகம் கூட தனது உடம்பைப் பற்றி கவலை படும்.எனவே இதன் மூலம் என்ன தெரிகிறது என்றால் அவள் ஒரு பணம், பெயர், புகழ், சுயநலம் மட்டும் பிடித்த ஓர் ஆரீயர்களைப் போல் குணம் கொண்ட பராசிட். போரில் பாதிக்கப் பட்டவர்களைச் சென்று கண்டாளாம்.அருமையான நடிப்பு. இதுதான் இவளுடைய மிகச் சிறந்த நடிப்பு.செய்வதெள்ளாம் செய்து விட்டு இப்பொழுது மக்களை ஏமாற்ற ஒரு காரணம் சொல்கிறாள். மனித உணர்வுடன் சென்றிருந்தால் ஏன் அவளுக்கு அங்கு (இலங்கை) அரச மரியாதை? ஏன் சென்ற இடமெள்ளாம் புகைப்பட நிருபர்கள்? அவளுடைய அங்கம் முகம் உடலில் ஒரு கவலை ஏதும் தென்படவில்லையே. இது அனைத்தும் அவள் நரியுடன் சேர்ந்து, தமிழர்களை ஏமாற்ற நடத்தும் நாடகமே. இவளுக்கு பதில் ஒரு வெளிநாட்டு காட்டு நாய்யைத் திரைப்பட நாயகியாக நடிக்க வைத்திருந்தால் அது நன்றியுள்ளதாக இருந்திருக்கும்.

சிலர் கூறுகிறார்கள், அவள் தான் பிறந்த நாட்டுக்குச் சென்றாள்.ஆக தவறு இல்லை என்று.ஆனால் நமது வரலாறும் பண்பாடும் கூறுவது என்னவென்றால் தாய்யாக இருந்தாலும் தவறு தவறுதான் என்று. பிறகு எப்படி தாய் நாடு செய்தது தவறு இல்லை என்று கூற முடியும்? இவள் இப்படி நடந்து கொண்டதே இ வள் அந்த நாடு செய்தத் தவறை சரி என்று கூறுவதற்குச் சமம்.

ஆனால் தமிழர்கள் அப்படி இல்லை. அந்த காலம் முதல் இந்த காலம் வரை வந்தாரை வாழ வைக்கும் நன்னெறி மனித குளமாகவும், பகைவனுக்குக் கூட தீங்கு வர க் கூடாது என்று நினக்கும் எண்ணம் கொண்டவர்களகவும் இருக்கிறார்கள். நான் உண்மையான தமிழ் பாலையும், தமிழ் உண்மை வரலாற்றில் மடி சாய்ந்து புரண்ட உண்மை தமிழர்களைக் குறிப்பிடுகிறேன். அப்படி பட்ட ஒருவன் தான் முத்து குமார் என்றவன். அவனுக்கு அவ்வளவு தமிழ் தமிழர்கள் என்ற உணர்வு. உலக முதல் மொழிக்கும், உலக முதல் மனித இனத்திற்குத்தான் இவ்வளவு ஆள்த உணர்வு. இதை அறியாத சில அன்பர்கள் இந்த பிரச்சனைக்குத் தமிழ்ர்களே ஒன்ரும் செய்யவில்லை என்று கூறுவது அவர்களின் அறியாமையைக் காட்டுகிறது.

ஆக,, அசின் எப்படி பட்டவள் என்றும்,அவள் செய்தது சரியா என்பதனையும் தாங்களே அறியவும்.

அனைவரும் ஒன்றை அறிந்து கொள்ளுங்கள், தமிழர்கள் வேரு இந்தியா வேரு என்று. சற்று வரலாற்றைக் கவனியுங்கள்.

Tuesday, August 10, 2010

What Was The First Language Of The World?



Tamil is worlds oldest language if u believe in science and evidence...and if u believe in myths...i dont care..i speak with archeological evidence.




We have solid proof

ca. 200,000 to 50,000 BC: Evolution of "the Tamilian or Homo Dravida",


ca. 200,000 to 100,000 BC: Beginnings of the Tamil language

50,000 BC: Kumari Kand am civilisation


20,000 BC: A lost Tamil culture of the Easter Island which had an advanced civilisation.


16,000 BC: Lemuria submerged


6087 BC: Second Tamil Sangam established by a Pandya king


3031 BC: A Chera prince in his wanderings in the Solomon Island saw wild sugarcane and started cultivation in Kumari Kand am.


1780 BC: The Third Tamil Sangam established by a Pandya king


7th century BC: Tolkappiyam (the earliest known extant Tamil grammar)


Tamil is the oldest language in the world, because first man who is changed from monkey is found in Tamil nadu as Archaeologist said. People who live in Tamil nadu still look similar to stone age people, dark and ruthless. Clothing, photography, movies, technology et etc everything is invented in Tamil nadu. First man travelled to moon, mars, all planets and sun is a Tamilian.So Tamil is first language in the world.



U may think that sanskrit is the first language. According to the archaeologists the aryans invasion or aryans migration is true. The indus valley civilization had lived many years before the arrival of aryans to india. Archaeologists are also strong that peoples had spoken the dravidian language. The seals which was discovered in indus valley is similar to old tamil alphabets. So after the arrival of aryans the Dravidian peoples were pushed to the south of the indian peninsula. The aryans occupies the whole north india. Recently sanskrit scholars have accepted that there was an influence on sanskrit by Dravidian languages. U can see many tamil words in sanskrit. The indo-aryan languages are slightly differ from indo-european languages. The some words in indo-aryan languages are not in indo-european languages. This is because of influenc of dravidian languages on sanskrit. So from this we can conclude that tamil is older than sanskrit. Tamil is the oldest language. Not Sanskrit. Aryan culture is not older than Dravidian culture.Aryans have systematically tried to wipe out evidence of the truth about Dravidians. But they did not succeed because the truth is slowly coming out.I say this as a person who has aryan connections .


Tamil was the first language in the world. We have the evidence that it is. Statues of people that had fame in the olden days, there names were written in Tamil. So Tamil was the first language in the world. Not Sanskrit, Hebrew or Latin. It was Tamil. SAY NO MORE!!!

















Wednesday, July 14, 2010

NASA Bring Mars Down to Earth


Today, Microsoft Research and NASA are providing an entirely new experience to users of the WorldWide Telescope, which will allow visitors to interact with and explore our solar system like never before. Viewers can now take interactive tours of the red planet, hear directly from NASA scientists, and view and explore the most complete, highest-resolution coverage of Mars available. To experience Mars up close, Microsoft and NASA encourage viewers to download the new WWT|Mars experience at http://www.worldwidetelescope.org.

Dan Fay, director of Microsoft Research’s Earth, Energy and Environment effort, works with scientists around the world to see how technology can help solve their research challenges. Since early 2009, he’s been working with NASA to bring imagery from the agency’s Mars and Moon missions to life, and to make their valuable volumes of information more accessible to the masses.

“We wanted to make it easier for people everywhere, as well as scientists, to access these unique and valuable images,” says Fay. “NASA had the images and they were open to new ways to share them. Through the WorldWide Telescope we were able to build a user interface at WWT|Mars that would allow people to take advantage of the great content they had.”

To create the new Mars experience in the WorldWide Telescope, Fay worked closely with Michael Broxton of the NASA Ames Research Center’s Intelligent Robotics Group (IRG). Broxton leads a team in the IRG informally called the Mapmakers, which applies computer vision and image processing to problems of cartography. Over the years, the Mapmakers have taken satellite images from Mars, the moon and elsewhere, and turned them into useful maps. Broxton says that getting the results of NASA’s work out to the public is an important part of his mission.

“NASA has a history of providing the public with access to our spacecraft imagery,” he says. “With projects like the WorldWide Telescope, we’re working to provide greater access so that future generations of scientists can discover space in their own way.”

It is the mission of Fay’s team at Microsoft to push the boundaries of technology in service of scientific discovery and advance the state of the art in computer science overall. He explains that the approach to the Mars WorldWide Telescope project was to provide information at your fingertips. As such, Fay says the WorldWide Telescope is as much a research project as a Web service — one that has resulted in a truly stellar experience for users.

“We were able to take the imagery from NASA, combine it with their elevation models and lay those onto the surface of the globe of Mars,” Fay says. “Now users of the WorldWide Telescope can zoom down and actually experience the surface-level detail of Mars. They can pan back and see the height of the craters or the depth of the canyons. The new Mars experience allows people to feel as though they’re actually there.”

In particular, there’s a new dataset from the University of Arizona’s High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), a state-of-the-art, remote-sensing camera on NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. HiRISE collects incredible images of super high resolution — a quarter of a meter per pixel on average. Each HiRISE image is a gigapixel in size, containing 100 times as much information as a 10 megapixel off-the-shelf camera.

“Due to its size, the data set is too unwieldy for many people to work with,” notes Fay. “But that large data set is necessary to provide the most in-depth experience — the most beautiful images, which are full of information. We needed this immense level of data to even begin to attempt to create this unique Mars experience.”

To get those images out to the public in a new way, the team set an ambitious goal to take all of the HiRISE images, 13,000 or so, and stitch them onto a single coherent map. While HiRISE has only imaged about 1 percent of Mars, leaving vast regions of Mars still to be explored, all of the HiRISE images have now been geolocated on a single map, and correlated with other global Mars data sets. Dotted with HiRISE images acquired so far, this new coherent map is the highest-resolution map of Mars’ surface ever constructed.

“Not only is it going to be amazing for the general public to see, but it’s actually something that scientists have never been able to see before,” Broxton says. “This particular feat has never been attempted.”

The reason for that, he says, is the technical challenge behind the project. The resolution of the images is so high and the files so large that NASA has been crunching the raw data for three years now. For anyone who’s ever tried to edit a picture from a digital camera and had the computer spin on it for several seconds, multiply that by 100, or more. And then multiply the number of images by 13,000. Multiply the number of tasks by another dozen and you can begin to see why the process has never been attempted. Broxton leveraged Nebula, NASA’s high-performance computing cloud, to process the image data. In all, the HiRISE mosaic took 14 days to process on 114 CPUs and constitutes the entire collection that has been taken by the orbiting camera as of May 2010.

“It’s an indispensible archive of information, but it’s not very easy to access unless you have an expertise in processing lots of data,” Broxton says. “Nebula allowed us to take the data, process it into a format appropriate for the WorldWide Telescope, and then make the entire catalog of NASA’s Mars information available on desktops around the world through the WorldWide Telescope.”

The images themselves reside on the Nebula cloud at the NASA Ames Research Center, near San José, California. Fay says hosting the data offsite is not a new approach, but rather one that allows WorldWide Telescope to use imagery from just about anyone. Thanks to the magic of the cloud, other imagery on the site is hosted at Microsoft datacenters around the world. Hubble’s resides in Baltimore. The California Institute of Technology’s is in Pasadena.

Saturday, July 10, 2010

OSHO Dynamic Meditation


Dynamic Meditation lasts one hour and is in five stages. It can be done alone, and will be even more powerful if it is done with others. It is an individual experience so you should remain oblivious of others around you and keep your eyes closed throughout, preferably using a blindfold. It is best to have an empty stomach and wear loose, comfortable clothing.

“This is a meditation in which you have to be continuously alert, conscious, aware, whatsoever you do. Remain a witness. Don’t get lost. While you are breathing you can forget. You can become one with the breathing so much that you can forget the witness. But then you miss the point.

“Breathe as fast as possible, as deep as possible; bring your total energy to it but still remain a witness. Observe what is happening as if you are just a spectator, as if the whole thing is happening to somebody else, as if the whole thing is happening in the body and the consciousness is just centered and looking.

“This witnessing has to be carried in all the three steps. And when everything stops, and in the fourth step you have become completely inactive, frozen, then this alertness will come to its peak.” Osho

How Big is Our Universe?


The universe is a big, big place. But how big? And how do we know?

Throughout history, humans have used a variety of techniques and methods to help them answer the questions 'How far?' and 'How big?' Generations of explorers have looked deeper and deeper into the vast expanse of the universe. And the journey continues today, as new methods are used, and new discoveries are made. (To learn more about distance, visit How Big is Our Universe.)

In the third century B.C., Aristarchus of Samos asked the question 'How far away is the Moon?' He was able to measure the distance by looking at the shadow of the Earth on the Moon during a lunar eclipse.

It was Edmund Halley, famous for predicting the return of the comet that bears his name, who three centuries ago found a way to measure the distance to the Sun and to the planet Venus. He knew that the planet Venus would very rarely, every 121 years, pass directly between the Earth and the Sun. The apparent position of the planet, relative to the disk of the Sun behind it, is shifted depending on where you are on Earth. And how different that shift is depends on the distance from both Venus and the Sun to the Earth. This rare event, the transit of Venus, occurred again quite recently, June 8, 2004.

It was knowing this fundamental distance from the Earth to the Sun that helped us find the true scale of the entire Solar system for the first time.
The top half of the sun is shown in this image.  It is a bright, glowing disk of orange and red, with a large solar flare arcing away from the star in the right of the image.


Image to right: Our sun, the nearest star, is 93 million miles away. That's why the sun, which is a million times the size of the Earth, looks so small. It would take the Space Shuttle seven months to fly there. Credit: SOHO - ESA & NASA

When we leave the solar system, we find our star and its planets are just one small part of the Milky Way galaxy. The Milky Way is a huge city of stars, so big that even at the speed of light, it would take 100,000 years to travel across it. All the stars in the night sky, including our Sun, are just some of the residents of this galaxy, along with millions of other stars too faint to be seen.

The further away a star is, the fainter it looks. Astronomers use this as a clue to figure out the distance to stars that are very far away. But how do you know if the star really is far away, or just not very bright to begin with? This problem was solved in 1908 when Henrietta Leavitt discovered a way to tell the 'wattage' of certain stars that changed their pulse rate linked to their wattage. This allowed their distances to be measured all the way across the Milky Way.

This picture shows a galaxy seen from above at an angle.  The Galaxy is a swirling white and light blue spiral of gas and dust on a black background.  In the corner of the image is a picture of the face side of a quarter coin.
Image above: How Big is the Milky Way? Imagine that our entire Solar System were the size of a quarter. The Sun is now a microscopic speck of dust, as are its nine planets, whose orbits are represented by the flat disc of the coin. How far away is the nearest star to our sun? In our model, Proxima Centauri (and any planets that might be around it) would be another quarter, two soccer fields away. This is the typical separation of stars in our part of the galaxy. Credit: Hubble Heritage Team (AURA/STSCI/NASA); US Mint


Beyond our own galaxy lies a vast expanse of galaxies. The deeper we see into space, the more galaxies we discover. There are billions of galaxies, the most distant of which are so far away that the light arriving from them on Earth today set out from the galaxies billions of years ago. So we see them not as they are today, but as they looked long before there was any life on Earth.

Finding the distance to these very distant galaxies is challenging, but astronomers can do so by watching for incredibly bright exploding stars called supernovae. Some types of exploding stars have a known brightness - wattage - so we can figure out how far they are by measuring how bright they appear to us, and therefore how far away it is to their home galaxy.
Two images side by side of a group of galaxies.  Each image is nearly identical, with bright yellow, white, and pink galaxies scattered on a black background.  In the image on the right, one of the galaxies has a bright dot beneath it.  The image on the left does not have this.


Image to right: The picture on the right was taken three weeks after the one on the left. In that time, a star at the edge of one of these distant galaxies has exploded -- "gone supernova." Can you spot the supernova in the picture at right? Even though the explosion is as bright as a billion suns, it is so far away that it is just a speck of light. Credit: NASA and J. Blakeslee (JHU)

The image below is both the oldest and youngest picture ever taken. It is the oldest because it has taken the light nearly 14 billion years to reach us. And it is the youngest because it is a snapshot of our newborn universe, long before the first stars and galaxies formed. The bright patterns show clumps of simple matter that will eventually form stars and galaxies. This is as far as we can see into the universe. It is time, not space, which limits our view. Beyond a certain distance, light hasn't had time to reach us yet.

RXTE Homes in on a Black Hole's Jets


XTE J1550-564 is a binary system in which an evolved star orbits -- and donates matter to -- a black hole estimated at 10 times the sun's mass. Credit: ESO/L. Calçada > View Hi-Res
XTE J1550-564 is a binary system in which an evolved star orbits -- and donates matter to -- a black hole estimated at 10 times the sun's mass. Credit: ESO/L. Calçada



In April 2000, XTE J1550-564 erupted. The blue line indicates the energy and brightness of X-rays from the system as detected by NASA's Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer. Insets show where the X-rays are thought to originate in the vicinity of the black hole. From June to September, the system's particle jets produced most of the X-rays. Credit: NASA/RXTE > View Hi-Res
> Print Resolution
In April 2000, XTE J1550-564 erupted. The blue line indicates the energy and brightness of X-rays from the system as detected by NASA's Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer. Insets show where the X-rays are thought to originate in the vicinity of the black hole. From June to September, the system's particle jets produced most of the X-rays. Credit: NASA/RXTE



The Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer spacecraft undergoes pre-launch tests in 1995. Credit: NASA/GSFC > View Hi-Res
The Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer spacecraft undergoes pre-launch tests in 1995. Credit: NASA/GSFC
For decades, X-ray astronomers have studied the complex behavior of binary systems pairing a normal star with a black hole. In these systems, gas from the normal star streams toward the black hole and forms a disk around it. Friction within the disk heats the gas to millions of degrees -- hot enough to produce X-rays. At the disk's inner edge, near the black hole, strong magnetic fields eject some of the gas into dual, oppositely directed jets that blast outward at about half the speed of light.

That's the big picture, but the details have been elusive. For example, do most of the X-rays arise from the jets? The disk? Or from a high-energy region on the threshold of the black hole?

Now, astronomers using NASA's Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) satellite, together with optical, infrared and radio data, find that, at times, most of the X-rays come from the jets.

"Theoretical models have suggested this possibility for several years, but this is the first time we've confirmed it through multiwavelength analysis," said David Russell, lead author of the study and a post-doctoral researcher at the University of Amsterdam.

Russell and his colleagues looked at a well-studied outburst of the black-hole binary XTE J1550-564. The system lies 17,000 light-years away in the southern constellation of Norma and contains a black hole with about 10 times the sun's mass. The usually inconspicuous binary was discovered by RXTE in 1998, when the system briefly became one of the brightest X-ray sources in the sky.

Between April and July 2000, the system underwent another outburst. RXTE monitored the event in X-rays, with some additional help from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory. Optical and infrared observations covering the outburst came from the YALO 1-meter telescope at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory in Chile, while radio observations were collected by the Australia Telescope Compact Array.

Drawing on these data, Russell and his team reconstructed a detailed picture of X-ray emission during the outburst. The study appears in the July 1 edition of Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.

"We suspect that these outbursts are tied to increases in the amount of mass falling onto the black hole," explained Russell. "Where and how the emission occurs are the only clues we have to what's going on."

As the outburst began in mid-April 2000, the system's brightest X-ray emission was dominated by higher-energy ("hard") X-rays from a region very close to the black hole.

"We think the source of these X-rays is a region of very energetic electrons that form a corona around the innermost part of the disk," Russell said. When these electrons run into photons of visible light, the collision boosts the photons to hard X-ray energies, a process known as inverse Compton scattering. The jets were present, but only minor players.

Over the next couple of weeks, the peak X-ray emission moved to lower ("softer") energies and seems to have come from the dense gas in the accretion disk. At the same time, the hot disk quenched whatever process powers the jets and shut them down.

By late May 2000, XTE J1550-564's accretion disk was cool enough that the jets switched on again. Most of the X-rays, which were fainter but higher in energy, again came from scattering off of energetic electrons close to the black hole.

In early June, as the system faded and its peak emission gradually softened, the jets emerged as the main X-ray source. In the jet, electrons and positrons moving at a substantial fraction of light speed emit the radiation as they encounter magnetic fields, a process called synchrotron emission.

The jets require a continuous supply of particles with energies of a trillion electron volts -- billions of times the energy of visible light. "The total energy bound up in the jet is enormous, much larger than previously thought," Russell said.

As summer wore on, the jets gradually faded and their X-ray emission softened. By September, the system's brightest X-rays came from high-speed blobs of matter that the jets had hurled into space during previous eruptions.

"We're really beginning to get a handle on the 'ecology' of these extreme systems, thanks in large part to RXTE," Russell added. "We can apply what we've learned in nearby binaries like XTE J1550 to the supersized black holes and jets found at the centers of galaxies."

Launched in 1995, RXTE is still going strong. "Of currently operating NASA missions, only Hubble has been working longer," said Tod Strohmayer, the mission's project scientist at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. RXTE's unique capabilities provide insight into accreting black holes and neutron stars and allow it to detect short, faint outbursts that are easily missed by other current missions exploring the X-ray regime.

Wednesday, July 7, 2010

Jothi




The ArutperunJothi Ramalinga Adigalar, popularly known as VALLALAR, the Great Munificient, may be regarded as the foremost of the saints and ages of the nineteenth century, considering the heights, widths, depths and intimacies of his integral realisation of the Divine in all the "inmost, inner, outer, and the outermost parts of his being".

The VALLALAR was the one who affirmed openly and clearly in an unmistakable language the deathlessness of his body which he attained by the power of what he called "Arut Perum Joti", the Vast Grace-Light of the Divine which he identified as the Truth-Light of Knowledge, Satya Jnana Joti. HE who put before the people DEATHLESSNESS of body as an essential part of the realisation of the One blissful Divine. A saint whose very soul-stuff was made of infinite love and compassion, a sage of Truth - consciousness who possessed the divine knowledge and science of deathlessness of body and attained its deathless transformation along with the self creative power of creating all substances of whatever kind including bodily substances.

Of HIS six volumes of "Arutpa" , the poems of divine inspiration, the last volume is unparalleled in spiritual history as it gives expression to his realisation of the vast world of Truth-knowledge and the Beyond, and touches on subjects like transformation and deathlessness of body .

Besides, he was a critic, writer, publisher and commentator and also had knowledge in occultism, alchemy, astrology, and medicine particularly in the nutritional and medical values of herbs and leaves. He was a musician too with a keen musical taste for lyrical songs and he composed lyrics to express, in an easier and popular style, his highest and sublime realisations of the Divine, particularly that of Truth-consciousness (Satya Jnana).

Tuesday, July 6, 2010

ISS Progress 38 Docks with Station


The ISS Progress 38 cargo resupply ship successfully docked to the aft end of the International Space Station’s Zvezda service module at 12:17 p.m. EDT Sunday. The docking was executed flawlessly by Progress’ Kurs automated rendezvous system.

The Progress spacecraft carries 1,918 pounds of propellant, 110 pounds of oxygen, 220 pounds of water and 2,667 pounds of experiment equipment, spare parts and other supplies to the station. It launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on June 30. An attempted docking Friday, July 2, was aborted when telemetry between the Progress and the space station was lost about 25 minutes before its planned docking.

The most likely cause of Friday’s aborted docking was traced to the activation of the TORU “Klest” TV transmitter, which created interference with TORU itself, causing a loss of the TORU command link between Progress and the International Space Station that triggered the abort of the Progress docking. TORU was not activated for today’s docking. The TORU TV system is designed to provide a view of Zvezda's docking target to station Commander Alexander Skvorstov, if he had to operate a joystick in the service module to dock Progress manually.

The Expedition 24 crew members monitored the arrival of the spacecraft. The crew will enjoy an off-duty day Monday in observance of the U.S. Independence Day holiday.

VALLALAR


The sacred Mantra of Vallalar-

Arut Perum Jyothi (Supreme Grace Light)

Arut Perum Jyothi (Supreme Grace Light)

Tanip Perung Karunai (Pour down upon us)

Arut Perum Jyothi (Supreme Grace Light)


Vallalar is a Siddhar who lived in the 19th century. He attained Light, the ultimate yogic objective. For more info please check this website - ThiruSabai

The life, the mysterious but documented transformation to 'light' body and the teachings of Siddhar Sage Vallalar serves as a teachings of objectives of yoga, meditation and higher consciousness.

The essence of Siddhar Vallalar's teachings:
- Alight a lamp and celebrate Source as the formless form of the flame.
- Be non-violent. Do not eat meat.
- Be compassionate. Receive grace.
- Feed the hungry. Do dharma.
- Awaken Source within to be Source.

The Boundless Benevolent Effulgence is known as Arutperunjothi in Tamil language. Benevolence or Compassion or "Karunai" is the innate nature of the Almighty. This compassion emanates as fivefold aspect namely (1) matter (2) energy (3) intellect (4) spirit (5) grace

Article below contributed by Mario


Sudha Sanmarga (Pure Gathering) teaching is mainly spread in the South India. One of those, who carry significant share in the fact that Sudha Sanmarga teaching is still living, is Tamil saint Vallalar, who lived in Tamil Nadu in 19th century.
Vallalar belongs to a line of Tamil saints known as "gnana siddhars" (gnana means higher wisdom). The Suddha Sanmarga was spread and passed on by him not only in theory but mainly in practice by his own way of living which was itself inspiration for his followers. According to Suddha Sanmarga, the prime aspects of human life should be love connected with charity and spritual practice leading to achievement of pure knowledge. Both of these aspects were embodied by Valallar into two buildings in small South Indian town Vadalur.
The first building is called Dharumachalai. The food has been served there daily to the hungry and needy people since its opening in 1867. The service is still running thanks to voluntary donations of Vallalar´s followers upto these days. It thus serves a meaningful purpose and at the same time inspires other Vallalar´s followers to start similar activities at other places.



GNANA SABAI - THE HALL OF WISDOM




The second building is Gnana Sabai - Hall of Wisdom. This building symbolizes the human body and it is an inspiration and signpost for those who want to practically follow Suddha Sanmarga. The second picture shows the central point of Gnana Sabai where just light is placed. Contrary to Hindu temples or Christian churches there are no statues or any other images of god or deities.

While the first building, Dharumachalai, represents the fulfillment of bodily needs, then Gnana Sabai symbolizes the fulfillment of spiritual needs of a man. Both buildings together refer to the both aspects of a human being, physical and spiritual, and to their mutual relations.

We have come accross Suddha Sanmarga teaching in person during our stay in Tamil Nadu in 1998. There are still some people who understood that Suddha Sanmarga is not only the philosophy but first and foremost the practice of every single moment of human life. One of such a rare persons has introduced us into Suddha Sanmarga teaching without asking for any reward. Thanks to such a people Suddha Sanmarga teaching has been preserved in original, pure and noncommercial form.



-oOo-



TAMIL SIDDHARS TRADITION


The tradition of Tamil siddhars dates back to the long history of the mankind. It continues to live both in the oral tradition and in siddhars' manuscripts written in their mother tong - Tamil. The manuscripts contain spiritual, philosophical, social or scientific essays both in prose and poetry. These essays are usually written on the palm leafs and just small part of them have been published up to now.

The Tamil siddhars philosophy is most alive in Tamil Nadu in southern India and never has been spread more significantly to northern parts of India or abroad. There is some awareness about it in Tamil Nadu but even here it has not become the issue of the general public. There exist several reasons for this fact:
Siddhars are well aware of the fact that spiritual knowledge can not be transmitted verbally in full breadth. That is why they do not seek to do so. Their manuscripts are first of all source of inspiration and show how to reach one´s own spiritual knowledge and experience. Siddhars use in their manuscripts rich symbolic language which enables them at the same time address both a casual listener as well as an adept of great spiritual awareness who can see a deep meaning in them.

The siddhars manuscripts are a closed treasure-box locked by the lock of ignorance. The key to this treasure-box is nothing but practical following of their message in daily life. In this way the message of the siddhars is protected against misusage and deformation by the people of superficial and acquisitive motives. For those who are seriously interested in it the message remains preserved in its original, pure and noncommercialised form.

Next reason, besides the language barrier, why the siddhars message remains concentrated in Tamil Nadu, is the fact that their philosophy is the contrary of the official Hindu philosophy represented in the literature of Vedas. In their manuscripts siddhars point out the absurdity of the caste system, denounce the privileged status of Brahmins and downgrade the importance of the religious rites.
Due to the difficulties in understanding the symbolic texts and also because of the opposition of the caste system advocates, the vast majority of siddhars' manuscripts has not been published yet.
However, the knowledge of these manuscripts is not necessary for one's spiritual practice.

Besides the philosophical and spiritual texts the siddhars' manuscripts contain also essays on biology, anatomy, physiology, chemistry or astronomy. The complex knowledge of these subjects is the result of the integration of spiritual and scientific approach to the cognition of the world and the human being.
Through the systematic observation and the study of the nature siddhars have also developed the compact system of the medicine. The records of this system which is written on the palm leaves date to the pre-vedic period, it means before 1200 B.C. It is obvious from the siddhars' manuscripts that their medicine system pays attention to both body and mind.

Siddhar Thirumoolar have defined the siddha medicine by these words:
Medicine is that which treats the disorders of the physical body;
Medicine is that which treats the disorders of the mind;
Medicine is that which prevents illness;
Medicine is that which enables immortality.